Anexo:Abreviaturas aeronáuticas y aeroespaciales

Glosario de abreviaturas usadas en aeronáutica y/o astronáutica, en orden alfabético.


Abreviatura Término
AAE Above Aerodrome Elevation
AAIB Air Accidents Investigation Branch
AAO Assumed Adverse Obstacle
AAS Airport Advisory Service
A/C Aire Acondicionado / Aircraft
AC Aire Acondicionado / Aircraft / Aero Cluster / Advisory circular
ACAM Aircraft Continuous Airworthiness Monitoring
ACAS Airborne Collision Avoidance System
ACARS Aircraft Communication and Addressing Reporting System
ACC Active Clearance Control / Area Control Centre / Accessory
ACFT Avión / Aeronave
ACI Airports Council International
ACM Air Cycle Machine
ACMS Aircraft Condition Monitoring System
ACP Audio Control Panel
ACS Airman Certification Standards
ACU Air Condition Unit / Alternator Control Unit
AD Airworthiness Directive (Directiva de aeronavegabilidad)
A/D Aeródromo
ADA Advisory Area
ADAHRS Air Data and Attitude and Heading Reference System
ADC Air Data Computer (Ordenador de datos del aire)
ADD Acceptable Deferred Defect
ADF Automatic Direction Finder
ADI Attitude Director Indicator (Indicador de actitud)
ADIRU Air Data Inertial Reference Unit
ADIRS Air Data Inertial Reference System
ADIZ Air Defense Identification Zone
ADJ Adjustment
ADM Aeronautical Decision-Making / Air Data Module
ADS Automatic Dependent Surveillance (Sistema de Vigilancia Dependiente Automática)
ADV German Airports Association
AEA Association of European Airlines (Asociación de Aerolíneas Europeas)
AERO Aéreo
AFCS Automatic Flight Control System
A/FD Airport/Facility Directory
AFDS Autopilot Flight Director System
AFE Above Field Elevation
AFM Aircraft Flight Manual
AFS Aeronautical Fixed Service (Servicio fijo aeronáutico)
AFT Aft (dirección contraria al movimiento de la aeronave)
AFTN Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network
AGB Accessory Gear Box
A/D Aerodrome (aeródromo)
AGL Above ground level
AHRS Attitude Heading Reference System (Sistemas de Referencia de Actitud y Rumbo)
AIM Aeronautical Information Manual
AIP Aeronautical Information Publication
AIRAC Aeronautical Information Regulation And Control
AIRMET Airmen's Meteorological Advisory
ALI Airworthiness Limitation Item
ALS Approach Lighting System (Sistema de luces de aproximación)
ALT Altitude / Alternate
ALUM Aluminum
AMC Acceptable Means of Compliance
AME Aircraft Maintenance Engineer / Aviation Medical Examiner
AMM Aircraft Maintenance Manual
AMO Approved Maintenance Organization
AMSL Above Mean Sea Level
AMP Aircraft Maintenance Program
AMT Aircraft Maintenance Technician (Técnico de mantenimiento de aeronaves)
ANSP Air Navigation Service Provider (Proveedor de servicios de navegación aérea)
ANPT Aeronautical National Pipe Taper
ANSOG Airport Network Security Operator Guidance
A/O Air Oil
AOA Angle of Attack (Ángulo de ataque)
AOC Air Operator's Certificate (Certificado de Operador Aéreo)
AOG Aircraft On Ground
AOM Airport/Aerodrome Operating Minima / Aircraft Operations Manual
A/P Airplane (Estados Unidos), Aeroplane (OACI)
AP Automatic pilot (Piloto automático)
APP Appendix
APPL Application
APPROX Approximately
APT Airport
APU Auxiliary Power Unit (Unidad de potencia auxiliar)
APV Approach Procedure with Vertical guidance
AR Authorization Required / As Required / Airworthiness Review
ARINC Aeronautical Radio Inc.
ARO Air Traffic Services Reporting Office / Airport Reservation Office
ARP Aerospace Recommended Practice / Aerodrome Reference Point
ARTCC Air Route Traffic Control Centers
A/S Anti-Skid
ASDA Accelerate Stop Distance Available /

Association for Scientific Development of Air Traffic Management in Europe

ASAS Airborne Separation Assurance System
ASI Airspeed Indicator (Indicador de la velocidad aérea)
ASL Above Sea Level (Sobre el nivel del mar)
ASLO Aircraft Security Logging Overview
ASM Airspace management / Available Seat Miles
A/T Autothrottle
A/THR Autothrust
ATA Air Traffic Association
ATC Air Traffic Control (Control del tráfico aéreo)
ATD Actual Time of Departure
ATF Aerodrome Traffic Frequency
ATP Aeronautics Test Program
ATFM Air Traffic Flow Management
ATIS Automatic Terminal Information Service (Servicio Automático de Información de Terminal)
ATM Air Traffic Management
ATN Aeronautical Telecommunication Network
ATO Approved Training Organisation
AT-One Strategic Alliance between DLR and NLR on ATM research and development
ATPL Airline Transport Pilot Licence (Licencia de piloto de transporte de línea aérea)
ATQP Alternative Training and Qualification Programme
ATS Air Traffic Services (Servicio de tránsito aéreo)
AVAIL Available
AVSEC Aviation security (Seguridad aeroportuaria)
AWBS Aviation weather briefing service
AWG American Wire Gage (Calibre de alambre estadounidense)
AWIS Aviation weather information service
AWOS Automated weather observation system
AWWS Aviation weather web site


Abreviatura Término
BC Back Course
BFI Basic Flight Instrument
BOM Bill Of Materials


Abreviatura Término
CAA Civil Aviation Authority (Autoridad de Aviación Civil)
CAMO Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation
CAME Continuing Airworthiness Management Exposition
CAS Calibrated airspeed
CB Cumulonimbus
CDR Critical Design Review
CDRL Contractor Data Requirement List
CFIT Controlled Flight Into Terrain
CG Center of Gravity (Centro de gravedad)
CI Configuration Item
CMV Converted Meteorological Visibility
CM Configuration Management
CN Change Notice
CPDLC Controller Pilot Data Link Communications
CR Critical Review
CSA Configuration Status Accounting
CSCI Computer Software Configuration Item
CTAF Common Traffic Advisory Frequency
CVR Cockpit Voice Recorder (Caja negra)


Abreviatura Término
DGAC Dirección General de Aviación Civil
DA/H Decision Altitude / Height (relacionado con THR)
DER Departure End of Runway
DG Directional Gyro
DLR German Aerospace Center / Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
DME Distance Measuring Equipment
DR Dead reckoning
DTC Design To Cost
DTUPC Design To Unit Production Cost


Abreviatura Término
EAS Equivalent airspeed
EASA European Aviation Safety Agency (Agencia Europea de Seguridad Aérea)
ECAM Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitor (Desarrollo del EICAS)
ECET End of civil evening twilight
ECO Edit Change Order
ECP Engineering Change Proposal
ECR Engineering Change Request
EICAS Engine Indicator and Crew Alert System
E-LSA Experimental light-sport aircraft
ELT Emergency Locator Transmitter
EPR Engine Pressure Ratio
ESA Emergency Safe Altitude
EFIS Electronic Flight Instrument System
EUROCAE European Organisation for Civil Aviation Equipment


Abreviatura Término
FAA U.S. Department of Transportations' Federal Aviation Administration (Administración Federal de Aviación)
FADEC Full Authority Digital Engine Control
FAF Final Approach Fix
FANS Future Air Navigation System
FAP Final Approach Point
FCA Functional Configuration Audit
FDR Flight Data Recorder (también conocido como caja negra)
FEP Final End Point
FFFFLS Form, Fit, Function, Fee, Logistics and Safety
FH Flight Hours
FIR Flight Information Region
FL Flight Level
FMC Flight Management Computer (same as FMS)
FMEA Failure Modes and Effects Analysis
FMS Flight Management System
FPL Filed Flight Plan
FMC Flight Management Computer
FSF Flight Safety Foundation
FSS Flight Service Station


Abreviatura Término
GCA Ground-controlled approach
GLOC g-Induced Loss of Consciousness (pérdida de conciencia inducida por fuerza G)
GND Ground
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System (Sistema global de navegación por satélite)
GP Glide Path
GPS Global Positioning System
GPWS Ground Proximity Warning System
EGPWS Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System
GA Go-Around
GS Glideslope
GSE Ground Support Equipment


Abreviatura Término
H Heavy
HDG Heading
HL Height Loss
HPA Human Powered Aircraft
HSI Horizontal Situation Indicator
HUD Head-up display


Abreviatura Término
IAF Initial approach fix
IAP Instrument approach procedure
IAQG International Aerospace Quality Group
IAS Indicated airspeed
IATA International Air Transport Association
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICO Idle cut-off
IF Intermediate Approach Fix
IFATCA International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers' Associations
IFR Instrument Flight Rules
ILS Instrument Landing System
IMC Instrument Meteorological Conditions
IME Internal Measurement Equipment
INS Inertial Navigation System
IRS Inertial Reference System
ISA International Standard Atmosphere
ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations


Abreviatura Término
LCC Life Cycle Cost
LCN Load Classification Number
LCG Load Classification Group
LHO Live Human Organs
LLZ Localizer (ILS)
LNAV Lateral Navigation
LOFT Line Oriented Flight Training
LM Land and Marine


Abreviatura Término
MAC Mid-air collision
MAP Missed Approach Point
MATS Manual of Air Traffic Services
MDA/H Minimum Descent Altitude/Height
MEDEVAC Medical Evacuation (Evacuación médica)
MEF Maximum Elevation Figure
MEL Minimun Equipment List
MFG Manufacturing [Mfg & Engrg]
MLS Microwave Landing System
MM Middle Marker
MOA Maintenance Organization Approval
MOC Minimum Obstacle Clearance
MODSUM Modifications Summary [MOD.SUM.]
MOE Maintenance Organization Exposition
MRO Maintenance Repair Overhaul
MP Manifoil Pressure
MSA Minimum Safe Altitude /Minimum Sector Altitude
MSL Mean Sea Level (Nivel medio del mar)
MSSR Monopulse Secondary Surveillance Radar
MTOW Maximum Take-Off Weight
MZFW Maximum Zero-Fuel Weight


Abreviatura Término
NDB Non-Directional Beacon
NDT Non Destructive Test


Abreviatura Término
OCA Obstacle Clearance Altitude
OCH Obstacle Clearance Height
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OM Outer Marker
OBE Overcome By Events
OT On Time
OTD On Time Delivery


Abreviatura Término
PANS-OPS Procedures for Air Navigation Services – Aircraft Operations
PAPI Precision Approach Path Indicator
PAR Precision Approach Radar
PCA Physical Configuration Audit
PDG Procedure Design Gradient
PDR Preliminary Design Review
PDAS Public Domain Aeronautical Software
PDM Product Data Management
PESTLE Political Economic Social Technological Legal Environmental
PET Point of Equal Time
PFAF Precision Final Approach Fix
PLM Product Lifecycle Management
P.N. Part Number [P/N]
PO Purchase Order
PSR Point of Safe Return /or/ Primary surveillance radar
PSU Personal Service Unit


Abreviatura Término
QFE Q-code for: Atmospheric pressure at a/d elevation
QMS Quality Management System
QNH Q-code for: Altimeter sub-scale setting to obtain elevation when on the ground


Abreviatura Término
RA Radio Altitude
RAS Rectified Air Speed
RDH Reference Datum Height for ILS
RFC Request For Changes
RFD Request For Deviation???
RM Risk Management
RNAV Area navigation
RSR En-route Surveillance Radar
RS Release to Service
RR Requirements Review
RVR Runway Visual Range
RVSM Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum
RWY Runway (Pista de aterrizaje)


Abreviatura Término
SESAR Single European Sky ATM Research
SIGMET Significant Meteorological Advisory
SMT Software Maintenance Tool
SOC Start of Climb at Missed Approach
SID Standard Instrument Departure
SR Sunrise (Aeronáutica)
SS Sunset (Aeronáutica)
STAR Standard Terminal Arrival Route


Abreviatura Término
TAA Terminal Arrival Area
TACAN Tactical Air Navigation
TAM Total Airport Management
TAS True airspeed
TAR Terminal Approach Radar
TCA / TMA Terminal control area / Terminal Manoeuvring Area
TCAS Traffic Collision Avoidance System
TCH Threshold Crossing Height
TERPS Terminal Procedures
TFR Temporary Flight Restriction
THR Runway Threshold
TLAR Top Level Aircraft Requirements
TOD Top of Descent
TO/GA Take-off/go around
TORA Take-off Run Available
TOW Take-off weight
TOWS Take-off warning system
TP Turning Point at Missed Approach
TPM Tech Perform Measures
TRA Temporary Reserved Airspace
TRACON Terminal Radar Approach Control
TTAF Total Time Air Frame
TTSN Total Time Since New
TTSO Total Time Since Overhaul
TWR Tower (torre de control)
TWY Taxiway


Abreviatura Término
UAV Unmanned Air Vehicle (Vehículo aéreo no tripulado)
UHF Ultra High Frequency
UIR Upper Information Region
UTC Universal Coordinated Time (Tiempo universal coordinado)


Abreviatura Término
VASI Visual Approach Slope Indicator
VDP Visual Descent Point
VFR Visual flight rules
VHF Very High Frequency (Muy alta frecuencia)
VMC Visual meteorological conditions
VNAV Vertical Navigation
VOR VHF omnidirectional range (Radiofaro omnidireccional VHF)

V característicasEditar

Abreviatura Término
Va Maneuvering speed
Vfe Maximum flaps extended speed
Vle Maximum landing gear extension speed
Vlo Maximum landing gear operating speed
Vmo Maximum operating speed
Vne Never-exceed speed
Vno Normal operating speed limit
Vs Stall speed (Velocidad de pérdida)
Vx Best angle of climb speed
Vy Best rate of climb speed


Abreviatura Término
WDI Indicador de la dirección del viento
WOFW Weight-off-Wheels (indica que la aeronave está fuera del suelo)
WONW Weight-on-Wheels (indica que la aeronave está en tierra)


Abreviatura Término
XMIT Transmit
XPDR Transponder
XPNDR Transponder


Abreviatura Término
Z Zulu Time (UTC)
ZFW Zero-Fuel Weight

Véase tambiénEditar

Enlaces externosEditar