Batalla de Yique

La batalla de Yique (293 a. C.) fue un enfrentamiento decisivo durante la guerra del rey Qin Zhaoxiang contra la alianza entre Wei y Han sucedido en Yique (cerca del actual Luoyang, provincia de Henan) durante el período de los Reinos Combatientes. El comandante Qin era Bai Qi, quién tomo las fortalezas aliadas una por una, destruyendo la mitad de la fuerza enemiga. La batalla terminó con la captura del general aliado Gongsun Xi, la muerte de 240.000 tropas y la captura de cinco ciudades aliadas, incluida Yique. Tras la batalla Han y Wei se vieron forzadas a entregar algunos territorios para conseguir la paz.

Batalla de Yique
Fecha 293 a. C.
Lugar Yique, Henan
Coordenadas 34°33′20″N 112°28′11″E / 34.555555555556, 112.46972222222Coordenadas: 34°33′20″N 112°28′11″E / 34.555555555556, 112.46972222222
Resultado Decisiva victoria Qin
Beligerantes
Qin Han
Wei
Comandantes
Bai Qi Gongsun Xi  (P.D.G.)
Fuerzas en combate
180.000[1] 240.000[1]
Bajas
Desconocidas, bajas 240.000[2]

ReferenciasEditar

  1. a b Battle of Yique - China culture Archivado el 8 de marzo de 2016 en la Wayback Machine.
  2. War and state formation in ancient China and early modern Europe. Victoria Tin-bor Hui, pp. 89-90, Cambridge University Press, 2005.
    (...) For a example, in a battle with Han and Wei in 293 BC, Bo Qi's troops were outnumbered by 240,000 allied troops. But as Han's and Wei's armies fought separately without unified command, Bo Qi could defeat them one by one. Even in the direct confrontation with Zhao in 262-257 BC, Qin mobilized only its standing army plus male populations aged fifteen and older from the nearby Henei commandery. Classical texts report that Zhao lost more than 400,000 troops in this war. While this figure is likely to be inflated, Zhao apparently engaged in masive -if not total- mobilization to fend off Qin's agression. For Qin, mobilization on a comparable scale occurred only in the final wars of unification. In the war against Chu in 226-223 BC, Qin is recorded to have mobilized 600,000 troops after the initial campaign with 200,000 troops went badly.