Camino de Shikoku

Peregrinación de varios sitios de 88 templos asociados con el monje budista Kūkai (Kōbō Daishi) en la isla de Shikoku, Japón

El Shikoku Henro (Camino de Shikoku) es un camino de peregrinación que recorre 88[1][2]templos budistas alrededor de la isla japonesa de Shikoku, la más pequeña de las principales del archipiélago de Japón. Esta ruta de 1200 kilómetros atrae cada año a miles de peregrinos de todo el mundo.

Mapa del Camino de Shikoku.
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HistoriaEditar

El significado del Camino de Shikoku se basa en la figura de Kukai. Este nació en la isla de Shikoku en el siglo VIII y siendo muy joven se ordenó monje budista y dedicó su vida al ascetismo y la meditación. En su vida diaria, Kukai vagó por la isla visitando sitios espiritualmente significativos donde meditar. Aunque viajó a algunos templos que ya existían en el siglo VIII, muchos otros nacieron de las múltiples leyendas del Camino de Shikoku.[3]

TemplosEditar

La ruta se compara con un camino simbólico hacia la iluminación: los templos 1.º al 23.º que representan la idea del despertar (発 心, hosshin), del 24.º al 39.º austeridad y disciplina (修行, shugyō), del 40.º al 65.º alcanzar la iluminación (菩提, bodai) y del 66.º al 88.º entrando en el nirvana (涅槃, nehan).[4]​ Se incluyen los siguientes templos:

Número Templo Imagen principal Localización Coordenadas Imagen
1 Ryōzen-ji (霊山寺) Shaka Nyorai Naruto, Tokushima 34°09′35″N 134°30′09″E / 34.159803, 134.502592 (Ryōzen-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #1))  
2 Gokuraku-ji (極楽寺) Amitābha Naruto, Tokushima 34°09′20″N 134°29′25″E / 34.155556, 134.490278 (Gokuraku-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #2))  
3 Konsen-ji (金泉寺) Shaka Nyorai Itano, Tokushima 34°08′51″N 134°28′07″E / 34.147436, 134.468544 (Konsen-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #3))  
4 Dainichi-ji (大日寺) Dainichi Nyorai Itano, Tokushima 34°09′05″N 134°25′51″E / 34.151306, 134.430889 (Dainichi-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #4))  
5 Jizō-ji (地蔵寺) Enmei Ksitigarbha Itano, Tokushima 34°08′14″N 134°25′55″E / 34.137222, 134.431944 (Jizō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #5))  
6 Anraku-ji (安楽寺) Yakushi Nyorai Kamiita, Tokushima 34°07′05″N 134°23′18″E / 34.118056, 134.388389 (Anraku-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #6))  
7 Jūraku-ji (十楽寺) Amitābha Awa, Tokushima 34°07′15″N 134°22′41″E / 34.12075, 134.377925 (Jūraku-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #7))  
8 Kumadani-ji (熊谷寺) Guan Yin Awa, Tokushima 34°07′22″N 134°20′24″E / 34.122778, 134.34 (Kumadani-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #8))  
9 Hōrin-ji (法輪寺) Shaka Nyorai Awa, Tokushima 34°06′16″N 134°20′02″E / 34.104378, 134.333814 (Hōrin-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #9))  
10 Kirihata-ji (切幡寺) Guan Yin Awa, Tokushima 34°06′28″N 134°18′15″E / 34.10775, 134.304278 (Kirihata-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #10))  
11 Fujii-dera (藤井寺) Yakushi Nyorai Yoshinogawa, Tokushima 34°03′06″N 134°20′55″E / 34.051667, 134.3485 (Fujii-dera (Shikoku Pilgrimage #11))  
12 Shōsan-ji (焼山寺) Kokūzō Bosatsu Kamiyama, Tokushima 33°59′06″N 134°18′37″E / 33.985028, 134.31025 (Shōsan-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #12))  
13 Dainichi-ji (大日寺) Jūichimen Kannon Tokushima, Tokushima 34°02′17″N 134°27′46″E / 34.038117, 134.462683 (Dainichi-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #13))  
14 Jōraku-ji (常楽寺) Miroku Bosatsu Tokushima, Tokushima 34°03′01″N 134°28′32″E / 34.050333, 134.475639 (Jōraku-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #14))  
15 Awa Kokubun-ji (阿波国分寺) Yakushi Nyorai Tokushima, Tokushima 34°03′20″N 134°28′25″E / 34.055611, 134.473611 (Awa Kokubun-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #15))  
16 Kannon-ji (観音寺) Guan Yin Tokushima, Tokushima 34°04′06″N 134°28′28″E / 34.068472, 134.474344 (Kannon-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #16))  
17 Ido-ji (井戸寺) Yakushi Nyorai Tokushima, Tokushima 34°05′07″N 134°29′08″E / 34.085167, 134.485444 (Ido-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #17))  
18 Onzan-ji (恩山寺) Yakushi Nyorai Komatsushima, Tokushima 33°59′10″N 134°34′42″E / 33.986, 134.57825 (Onzan-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #18))  
19 Tatsue-Ji (立江寺) Ksitigarbha Komatsushima, Tokushima 33°58′04″N 134°36′21″E / 33.967861, 134.605806 (Tatsue-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #19))  
20 Kakurin-ji (鶴林寺) Ksitigarbha Katsuura, Tokushima 33°54′50″N 134°30′20″E / 33.913861, 134.505611 (Kakurin-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #20))  
21 Tairyūji (太龍寺) Kokūzō Bosatsu Anan, Tokushima 33°52′57″N 134°31′19″E / 33.882528, 134.521889 (Tairyūji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #21))  
22 Byōdō-ji (平等寺) Yakushi Nyorai Anan, Tokushima 33°51′07″N 134°34′58″E / 33.851833, 134.582778 (Byōdō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #22))  
23 Yakuō-ji (薬王寺) Yakushi Nyorai Minami, Tokushima 33°43′56″N 134°31′39″E / 33.732306, 134.527583 (Yakuō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #23))  
24 Hotsumisaki-ji (最御崎寺) Kokūzō Bosatsu Muroto, Kōchi 33°14′56″N 134°10′33″E / 33.249008, 134.175739 (Hotsumisaki-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #24))  
25 Shinshō-ji (津照寺) Ksitigarbha Muroto, Kōchi 33°17′16″N 134°08′54″E / 33.287806, 134.14825 (Shinshō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #25))  
26 Kongōchō-ji (金剛頂寺) Yakushi Nyorai Muroto, Kōchi 33°18′26″N 134°07′22″E / 33.307222, 134.122861 (Kongōchō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #26))  
27 Kōnomine-ji (神峰寺) Jūichimen Kannon Yasuda, Kōchi 33°28′03″N 133°58′29″E / 33.467611, 133.974778 (Kōnomine-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #27))  
28 Dainichi-ji (大日寺) Dainichi Nyorai Kōnan, Kōchi 33°34′39″N 133°42′19″E / 33.577583, 133.705389 (Dainichi-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #28))  
29 Tosa Kokubun-ji (土佐国分寺) Guan Yin Nankoku, Kōchi 33°35′55″N 133°38′26″E / 33.598694, 133.640417 (Tosa Kokubun-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #29))  
30 Zenrakuji (善楽寺) Amitābha Kōchi, Kōchi 33°35′31″N 133°34′39″E / 33.591917, 133.577556 (Zenrakuji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #30))  
31 Chikurin-ji (竹林寺) Monju Bosatsu Kōchi, Kōchi 33°32′48″N 133°34′39″E / 33.546611, 133.577472 (Chikurin-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #31))  
32 Zenjibu-ji (禅師峰寺) Jūichimen Kannon Nankoku, Kōchi 33°31′36″N 133°36′41″E / 33.526694, 133.611389 (Zenjibu-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #32))  
33 Sekkei-ji (雪蹊寺) Yakushi Nyorai Kōchi, Kōchi 33°30′03″N 133°32′35″E / 33.500833, 133.543083 (Sekkei-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #33))  
34 Tanema-ji (種間寺) Yakushi Nyorai Haruno, Kōchi 33°29′30″N 133°29′15″E / 33.491722, 133.487583 (Tanema-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #34))  
35 Kiyotaki-ji (清滝寺) Yakushi Nyorai Tosa, Kōchi 33°30′45″N 133°24′34″E / 33.5125, 133.4095 (Kiyotaki-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #35))  
36 Shōryū-ji (青竜寺) Fudō Myōō Tosa, Kōchi 33°25′34″N 133°27′03″E / 33.426, 133.450806 (Shōryū-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #36))  
37 Iwamoto-ji (岩本寺) Los Cinco Tathagatas Shimanto, Kōchi 33°12′29″N 133°08′05″E / 33.207972, 133.134611 (Iwamoto-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #37))  
38 Kongōfuku-ji (金剛福寺) Guan Yin Tosashimizu, Kōchi 32°43′34″N 133°01′07″E / 32.726028, 133.018556 (Kongōfuku-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #38))  
39 Enkōji (延光寺) Yakushi Nyorai Sukumo, Kōchi 32°57′41″N 132°46′27″E / 32.961306, 132.774056 (Enkō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #39))  
40 Kanjizai-ji (観自在寺) Yakushi Nyorai Ainan, Ehime 32°57′53″N 132°33′51″E / 32.964667, 132.564056 (Kanjizai-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #40))  
41 Ryūkō-ji (竜光寺) Jūichimen Kannon Uwajima, Ehime 33°17′43″N 132°35′55″E / 33.295194, 132.5985 (Ryūkō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #41))  
42 Butsumoku-ji (佛木寺) Dainichi Nyorai Uwajima, Ehime 33°18′38″N 132°34′53″E / 33.310583, 132.581472 (Butsumoku-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #42))  
43 Meiseki-ji (明石寺) Guan Yin Seiyo, Ehime 33°22′09″N 132°31′08″E / 33.369222, 132.518972 (Meiseki-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #43))  
44 Daihō-ji (大宝寺) Jūichimen Kannon Kumakōgen, Ehime 33°39′39″N 132°54′43″E / 33.660889, 132.912083 (Daihō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #44))  
45 Iwaya-ji (岩屋寺) Fudō Myōō Kumakōgen, Ehime 33°39′31″N 132°58′51″E / 33.658667, 132.980722 (Iwaya-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #45))  
46 Jōruri-ji (浄瑠璃寺) Yakushi Nyorai Matsuyama, Ehime 33°45′13″N 132°49′09″E / 33.753556, 132.819111 (Jōruri-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #46))  
47 Yasaka-ji (八坂寺) Amitābha Matsuyama, Ehime 33°45′29″N 132°48′46″E / 33.757944, 132.812861 (Yasaka-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #47))  
48 Sairin-ji (西林寺) Jūichimen Kannon Matsuyama, Ehime 33°47′37″N 132°48′50″E / 33.793722, 132.813944 (Sairin-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #48))  
49 Jōdo-ji (浄土寺) Shaka Nyorai Matsuyama, Ehime 33°49′00″N 132°48′31″E / 33.816667, 132.808528 (Jōdo-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #49))  
50 Hanta-ji (繁多寺) Yakushi Nyorai Matsuyama, Ehime 33°49′41″N 132°48′16″E / 33.828139, 132.804556 (Hanta-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #50))  
51 Ishite-ji (石手寺) Yakushi Nyorai Matsuyama, Ehime 33°50′52″N 132°47′47″E / 33.847861, 132.796472 (Ishite-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #51))  
52 Taisan-ji (太山寺) Jūichimen Kannon Matsuyama, Ehime 33°53′06″N 132°42′54″E / 33.885083, 132.714972 (Taisan-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #52))  
53 Enmyō-ji (圓明寺) Amitābha Matsuyama, Ehime 33°53′30″N 132°44′23″E / 33.89175, 132.739667 (Enmyō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #53))  
54 Enmei-ji (延命寺) Fudō Myōō Imabari, Ehime 34°04′01″N 132°57′50″E / 34.066833, 132.964 (Enmei-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #54))  
55 Nankōbō (南光坊) Daitsū-chishō Butsu Imabari, Ehime 34°04′08″N 132°59′45″E / 34.06875, 132.99575 (Nankōbō (Shikoku Pilgrimage #55))  
56 Taisan-ji (泰山寺) Ksitigarbha Imabari, Ehime 34°03′00″N 132°58′28″E / 34.050111, 132.974583 (Taisan-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #56))  
57 Eifuku-ji (栄福寺) Amitābha Imabari, Ehime 34°01′46″N 132°58′42″E / 34.029472, 132.978472 (Eifuku-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #57))  
58 Senyū-ji (仙遊寺) Guan Yin Imabari, Ehime 34°00′47″N 132°58′38″E / 34.013194, 132.977361 (Senyū-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #58))  
59 Iyo Kokubun-ji (伊予国分寺) Yakushi Nyorai Imabari, Ehime 34°01′34″N 133°01′32″E / 34.026167, 133.025444 (Iyo Kokubun-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #59))  
60 Yokomine-ji (横峰寺) Dainichi Nyorai Saijō, Ehime 33°50′16″N 133°06′40″E / 33.837861, 133.111139 (Yokomine-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #60))  
61 Kōon-ji (香園寺) Dainichi Nyorai Saijō, Ehime 33°53′37″N 133°06′12″E / 33.893528, 133.103306 (Kōon-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #61))  
62 Hōju-ji (宝寿寺) Jūichimen Kannon Saijō, Ehime 33°53′50″N 133°06′54″E / 33.897333, 133.114944 (Hōju-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #62))  
63 Kichijō-ji (吉祥寺) Bishamonten Saijō, Ehime 33°53′46″N 133°07′45″E / 33.896056, 133.129167 (Kichijō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #63))  
64 Maegami-ji (前神寺) Amitābha Saijō, Ehime 33°53′25″N 133°09′38″E / 33.890222, 133.160667 (Maegami-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #64))  
65 Sankaku-ji (三角寺) Jūichimen Kannon Shikokuchūō, Ehime 33°58′04″N 133°35′11″E / 33.967639, 133.5865 (Sankaku-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #65))  
66 Unpen-ji (雲辺寺) Guan Yin Miyoshi, Tokushima 34°02′07″N 133°43′25″E / 34.035222, 133.723722 (Unpen-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #66))  
67 Daikō-ji (大興寺) Yakushi Nyorai Mitoyo, Kagawa 34°06′08″N 133°43′09″E / 34.102194, 133.719167 (Daikō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #67))  
68 Jinne-in (神恵院) Amitābha Kan'onji, Kagawa 34°08′02″N 133°38′50″E / 34.133986, 133.647333 (Jinne-in (Shikoku Pilgrimage #68))  
69 Kannon-ji (観音寺) Shō Kannon Kan'onji, Kagawa 34°08′04″N 133°38′51″E / 34.1345, 133.647528 (Kannon-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #69))  
70 Motoyama-ji (本山寺) Batō Kannon Mitoyo, Kagawa 34°08′23″N 133°41′39″E / 34.139667, 133.694056 (Motoyama-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #70))  
71 Iyadani-ji (弥谷寺) Guan Yin Mitoyo, Kagawa 34°13′47″N 133°43′27″E / 34.229722, 133.724261 (Iyadani-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #71))  
72 Mandara-ji (曼荼羅寺) Dainichi Nyorai Zentsūji, Kagawa 34°13′24″N 133°45′01″E / 34.223306, 133.750219 (Mandara-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #72))  
73 Shusshaka-ji (出釈迦寺) Shaka Nyorai Zentsūji, Kagawa 34°13′10″N 133°45′01″E / 34.219389, 133.750278 (Shusshakaji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #73))  
74 Kōyama-ji (甲山寺) Yakushi Nyorai Zentsūji, Kagawa 34°13′59″N 133°45′57″E / 34.233194, 133.765764 (Kōyama-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #74))  
75 Zentsū-ji (善通寺) Yakushi Nyorai Zentsūji, Kagawa 34°13′30″N 133°46′27″E / 34.225111, 133.774139 (Zentsū-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #75))  
76 Konzō-ji (金倉寺) Yakushi Nyorai Zentsūji, Kagawa 34°15′00″N 133°46′52″E / 34.250097, 133.781014 (Konzō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #76))  
77 Dōryū-ji (道隆寺) Yakushi Nyorai Tadotsu, Kagawa 34°16′36″N 133°45′46″E / 34.27675, 133.762694 (Dōryū-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #77))  
78 Gōshō-ji (郷照寺) Amitābha Utazu, Kagawa 34°18′24″N 133°49′28″E / 34.306694, 133.824583 (Gōshō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #78))  
79 Tennō-ji (天皇寺) Jūichimen Kannon Sakaide, Kagawa 34°18′41″N 133°52′58″E / 34.311472, 133.882861 (Tennō-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #79))  
80 Sanuki Kokubun-ji (讃岐国分寺) Jūichimen y Guan Yin Takamatsu, Kagawa 34°18′11″N 133°56′39″E / 34.303139, 133.944167 (Sanuki Kokubun-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #80))  
81 Shiromine-ji (白峯寺) Guan Yin Sakaide, Kagawa 34°20′01″N 133°55′36″E / 34.333528, 133.926764 (Shiromine-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #81))  
82 Negoro-ji (根香寺) Guan Yin Takamatsu, Kagawa 34°20′40″N 133°57′38″E / 34.3445, 133.960556 (Negoro-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #82))  
83 Ichinomiya-ji (一宮寺) Shō Kannon Takamatsu, Kagawa 34°17′12″N 134°01′36″E / 34.286611, 134.026583 (Ichinomiya-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #83))  
84 Yashima-ji (屋島寺) Jūichimen y Guan Yin Takamatsu, Kagawa 34°21′29″N 134°06′05″E / 34.357917, 134.10125 (Yashima-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #84))  
85 Yakuri-ji (八栗寺) Shō Kannon Takamatsu, Kagawa 34°21′36″N 134°08′22″E / 34.359889, 134.139528 (Yakuri-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #85))  
86 Shido-ji (志度寺) Jūichimen Kannon Sanuki, Kagawa 34°19′28″N 134°10′47″E / 34.324306, 134.179639 (Shido-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #86))  
87 Nagao-ji (長尾寺) Shō Kannon Sanuki, Kagawa 34°16′00″N 134°10′18″E / 34.266706, 134.171719 (Nagao-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #87))  
88 Ōkubo-ji (大窪寺) Yakushi Nyorai Sanuki, Kagawa 34°11′29″N 134°12′24″E / 34.191408, 134.206733 (Ōkubo-ji (Shikoku Pilgrimage #88))  

ReferenciasEditar

Enlaces externosEditar