Esto es una '''lista de los primeros Gobernadores de California''', 1769–1850, antes de su admisión como Estado número 31 de la Unión. Fundado por [[Gaspar de Portolá]] en San Diego y Monterey, este vasto país fue provincia española durante 53 años, hasta acabada la Guerra de Independencia
Mexicana en 1821.
A year after Mexico's independence from Spain, [[Alta California]] became a federal territory of [[ Mexico]]. As time went on, Alta Californians began to resent Mexico's neglect and incompetent, non-local governors. Beginning with the Tennessean-led revolt of 1824, California resisted Mexican rule, culminating in the revolution of 1836. Two years later, California was admitted as a state by the general government in faraway Mexico City.<ref>Hubert Howe Bancroft, ''History of California''. 978-1135657727</ref>
The revolution in November 1836 found success when the Diputación ( territorial legislature) of California declared independence. California-born Juan Alvarado was elected governor, who then gathered support for independence from the whole country, from Sonoma to Los Angeles. Mexico retaliated by propping up Carlos Carillo as puppet-governor in Los Angeles and inciting a brief and bloodless civil war.<ref>Robert R. Miller. ''Juan Alvarado, Governor of California, 1836–1842''. University of Oklahoma Press. 1998</ref> That conflict ended in 1838, when the general government of Mexico accepted California as a sovereign state and recognized Alvarado as the real governor. The territorial Diputación became the new state's Asambléa (Assembly).
In 1846, the "Bear Flag Revolt" in [[Sonoma, California|Sonoma]] declared California an independent republic—the "Bear Flag Republic". The government was separated permanently from Mexico. Less than a month later, the independent republic came under American protection (at the outset of the [[Mexican-American War]]). Like Texas, the Republic of California ''never'' was demoted to a U.S. territory but was admitted directly as the 31st U.S. state on September 9, 1850. [[Peter Hardeman Burnett|Peter Burnett]], the last governor of the republic, became its first governor after admission.
For governors of the state after admission in September 1850, see [[List of Governors of California]].