Diferencia entre revisiones de «Palacio Táuride»

2 bytes añadidos ,  hace 12 años
m
Bot: Reemplazando {{ru icon}} por «(en ruso)»; cambios cosméticos
m (robot Añadido: en:Tauride Palace)
m (Bot: Reemplazando {{ru icon}} por «(en ruso)»; cambios cosméticos)
{{en obras}}
 
[[ImagenArchivo:Tauridepalace.gif|thumb|400px|Palacio Táuride y sus jardines a comienzos del siglo XX.]]
'''Palacio Táuride ''' (en ruso: ''Tavrichesky dvorets'', ''Таврический дворец'') es uno de los palacios más grandes y con mayor tradición histórica en [[San Petersburgo]], [[Rusia]].
 
== Potemkin ==
 
El príncipe [[Grigori Potiomkin| Potemkin]] de [[Tauride]] encargó a su arquitecto favorito, [[Iván Starov]], diseñar su residencia en la ciudad en un riguroso estilo [[Palladio]]. Starov lo diseño condicionado por un gran [[parque]] y un [[puerto]] en el frontal del palacio, que deseaba enlazar directamente por medio de un canal con el río [[Neva]]. Las obras comenzaron en 1783 y duraron seis años. Se consideró la mayor residencia de un noble en el siglo XVII en Rusia, el Palacio Táuride sirvió como modelo para innumerables casas solariegas dispersas por todo el [[Imperio Ruso]].
 
Poco antes de su fallecimiento, el 28 de abril de 1791, Potemkin used the palace to host unprecedented festivities and illuminations with the purpose of winning the Empress's waning affections. The ball was described by [[Gavrila Derzhavin]] in the longest of his compositions. Notwithstanding all the expenses, Potemkin failed in his ambition and departed for [[Iaşi]] in despair.
 
== Catalina II ==
[[ImagenArchivo:Tauride palace.jpg|thumb|275px|Palacio Táuride en 2003.]]
 
After the owner's death several months later, [[Catalina II de Rusia|Catalina II]] purchased his palace and ordered architect Fyodor Volkov to transform it into her summer [[townhouse]]. Volkov was responsible for many improvements in the grounds, including the construction of the [[teatro]] in the east wing and the [[Church (building)|church]] in the west wing. In the garden, he designed the Admiralty Pavilion, gardener house, [[orangery]], glass-houses, bridges, and ironwork fences. The sculpture named the ''[[Venus Tauride]]'' (now in the [[Museo Hermitage]]) was kept in the palace from the end of the eighteenth century until the mid-nineteenth, and derives its name from it.
 
The exterior appearance of the palace was rather plain and contrasted sharply with the riotous luxuriance of its interiors. The domed hall, one of the largest in Russia, was connected by a 75-meter-long columned gallery with a [[jardín de invierno]]. The decoration of every major room – including the Chinese Hall and the Tapestry Parlour – was destroyed after 1799, when [[Emperor Paul]], who detested all the things his mother liked, gave over the palace to his favourite cavalry regiment to be used as [[barracks]].
In the 19th century, the palace was refurbished by [[Carlo Rossi (architect)|Carlo Rossi]] and [[Vasily Stasov]] as a residence for minor royalty. It had been used to host [[ball]]s and exhibitions until 1906, when it was transformed into the seat of the first Russian [[parlamento]], the Imperial State [[Duma]].
 
Inmediatamente después de la [[Revolución de Febrero]] de 1917, el Palacio Táuride alojó el [[Gobierno Provisional ruso]] and the Petersburg [[Soviet (council)|Soviet]]. The abortive [[Russian Constituent Assembly]] held its meetings there in 1918. In May 1918 [[Bolcheviques]] held here their [[7th Congress of the RCP(b)|7th Congress]], where they first named themselves the [[Partido Comunista de Rusia]](Bolcheviques).
 
Desde los años 1990, el Palacio Táuride ha sido la sede de la Asamblea Interparlamentaria de los países miembros de la [[Comunidad de Estados Independientes|CEI]] (IPA CIS). On this account, a large glass-covered annex was erected immediately behind the palace, in the Tauride Gardens.
 
[[ImagenArchivo:tauride duma.jpg|thumb|centre|700px|<center>Sala de Reuniones del primer Parlamento Ruso ([http://www.encspb.ru/image.php?file=big/_1215.JPG imagen actual]).</center>]]
 
== Referencias ==
* Dyachenko L.I., Krotov M.I. ''Tavrichesky dvorets: proshloe i nastoyashee.'' SPb, 2002.
* Shuysky V.K. ''Tavrichesky dvorets.'' SPb, 2003.
 
==Enlaces externos==
{{commonscat-inline}}
* [http://www.encspb.ru/en/article.php?kod=2804004262 Palacio Táuride en la Enciclopedia de San Petersburgo]
*{{ru icon}}(en ruso) [http://www.iacis.ru/html/?id=26 Official website]
{{Palacios Imperiales en Rusia}}
 
 
[[Categoría:Palacios de Rusia]]
[[categoríaCategoría:Residencias reales en Russia]]
[[Categoría:Edificios Gubernamentales en Rusia]]
[[Categoría:Arquitectura Neoclásica]]
1 375 372

ediciones