Diferencia entre revisiones de «Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj»

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Aunque escribió varios tipos de poesía, es conocido por su [[poesía infantil]]. Sus poemas pertencen al [[acervo]] nacional, y algunos son cantados como canciones de cuna. Su apodo [[Zmaj]] (''Змај'', significa ''"[[dragón]]"'') viende de la fecha de la [[May Assembly]], el 3 de mayo de [[1848]], pues en [[cirílico serbio]] 3.мај / Змај.
Nació en [[Novi Sad]] en [[1833]] en el seno de una antiuga y noble familia. In
his earliest childhood he showed a great desire to learn
by heart the [[Serbian epic poetry|Serbian national songs]] which were recited
to him, y even as a child he began to compose poems.
His father, who was a highly cultivated y wealthy
man, gave him his first education en his native
city. After this he went to [[Budapest]], [[Prague]], and
[[Vienna]], y en these cities he finished his studies en law.
This was the wish of his father, but his own inclinations
prompted him to take up the study of medicine. He
then returned to his native city, where a prominent
official position was offered him, which he accepted;
but so strong were his poetical instincts that a year later
he abandoned the post to devote himself entirely to
literary work.
His literary career began en 1849, his first poem being
printed en 1852, en a journal called ''Srbski Letopis''
("Serbian Annual Review"); to this y to other journals,
notably ''[[Neven]]'' y ''Sedmica'', he contributed
his early productions. From that period until 1870,
besides his original poems, he made many
translations to Serbian from Hungarian of works by [[Sándor Petőfi]] y [[János Arany]], two of the greatest Hungarian poets, from Russian of the works of [[Lermontov]],
as well as from German of several German y Austrian poets. en 1861
he edited the comic journal, ''Komarac'' ("The Mosquito"),
and en the same year he started the literary
journal, ''[[Javor]]'', y to these papers he contributed
many poems.
In 1861, he married, and
during the happy years that followed he produced
his admirable series of lyrical poems called ''Đulići'',
which probably remain his masterpiece. en 1862,
greatly to his regret, he discontinued his beloved journal,
''[[Javor]]'', a sacrifice which was asked of him by
[[Svetozar Miletić]], who was then active
on a political journal, en order to insure the success of
the latter.
In 1863, he was elected director of the [[Tekelianum]], at Budapest. He
now renewed the study of medicine at the university,
and took the degree of [[doctor of medicine]].
Meanwhile he did not relax his literary labors. He also
devoted himself greatly to education of Serbian youth. During his
stay en Budapest he founded the literary society, Preodnica,
of which he was president, y to which he devoted
a large portion of his energies. en 1864 he started his famous satirical journal, "Zmaj"
("The Dragon"), which was so popular that the name
became a part of his own. en 1866, his comic play
"Šaran" was given with great success.
Since 1870, Zmaj has pursued his profession as a [[physician]].
He was an earnest advocate of [[cremation]], and
has devoted much time to the furtherance of that cause.
In 1872, he
had the great pain of losing his wife, and, shortly after,
his only child. How much these misfortunes affected
him is plainly perceptible from the deeply sad tone of
the poems which immediately followed. en 1873 he
started another comic journal, the ''Žiža''. During the
year 1877 he began an illustrated chronicle of the [[Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)|Russo-Turkish War]], y en 1878 appeared his popular comic
journal, ''Starmali''. During all this period he wrote
not only poems, but much prose, including short novels,
often under an assumed name. The best of these is
probably ''Vidosava Brankovićeva''. en that period
he published a great many charming little poems for
Murió el 3 de junio de [[1904]] en su [[Sremska Kamenica]].