Diferencia entre revisiones de «Carlos el Joven»

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'''Carlos el ''Joven''''' (* [[ca.]] 772 - † Baviera, 4 de diciembre de 811), fue hijo de [[Carlomagno]] y [[Anexo:Reyes de la época carolingia|rey de los francos]] entre los años 800 y 811.
 
== Biografía ==
Carlos estaba preocupado, sobre todo, con los [[Bretaña|bretone]]s, con quienes compartía frontera y donde tubo, al menos, insurecciones en dos ocasiones que le resultaron fácil sofocarlas, sino que fue enviado también contra los [[sajones]] en múltiples ocasiones. El padre de Carlos le sobrevivió, sin embargo, y por lo tanto todo el reino fue heredado por su hermano menor, Luis, pues su otro hermano Carlomán también había muerto.
 
Alrededor del año 789 su padre, Carlomagno, sugirió que Carlos el ''Joven'' debía contraer matrimonio con [[Ælfflæd]], hija de [[Offa]]. Offa insistió en que el matrimonio sólo podía seguir adelante si la hija de Carlomagno, Bertha se casaba con el hijo de Offa, Egfrido. Carlomagno se sintió ofendió, rompió el contacto, y cerró los puertos a los comerciantes [[Inglaterra anglosajona|ingléses]]. Finalmente, se restablecieron las relaciones normales y los puertos fueron reabiertos. Sólo unos pocos años más tarde, en 796, Carlomagno y Offa, concluyeron el primer tratado comercial conocido en la historia de inglesa.
 
Su padre lo asoció en el gobierno de [[Francia]] y [[Sajonia]] en 790, y lo instaló como el gobernante del [[ducado de Maine]]. Carlos fue coronado rey de los francos en [[Roma]] el 25 de diciembre del 800, el mismo día que su padre fue coronado emperador.
{{Traducido ref|en|Charles the Younger|inglés|oldid=376285450|trad=parcial}}
 
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'''Charles the Younger''' (ca. 772 – 4 December 811), was the second son of [[Charlemagne]] and the first by his second wife, [[Hildegard, wife of Charlemagne|Hildegard of Swabia]].<ref>Himiltrude, by whom Charlemagne had a son, [[Pepin the Hunchback]], was a concubine or common law wife. See Riche, Pierre, ''The Carolingians'', p.86 ("Although he already had a son by his concubine, Himiltrude..."); Chamberlin, Russell, ''The Emperor Charlemagne'', p.61: "he made the first of those confusing sexual relationships which was something more than concubinage, less than marriage...the Franks called it ''friedelehe'', and it could perhaps be compared with the English system of common-law wife or husband..." </ref> When Charlemagne divided his empire among his sons, his son Charles was designated [[King of the Franks]].
 
His elder brother, [[Pippin the Hunchback]], was disinherited, and his younger brothers [[Pepin of Italy|Carloman]] (renamed [[Pepin of Italy|Pippin]]) and [[Louis the Pious]] received [[Italy]] and [[Aquitaine]], respectively.
 
Charles was mostly preoccupied with the Bretons, whose border he shared and who insurrected on at least two occasions and were easily put down, but he was also sent against the Saxons on multiple occasions. Charles' father outlived him, however, and the entire kingdom thus went to his younger brother Louis the Pious, Pippin also having died.
 
Around 789 it was suggested by Charlemagne that Charles the Younger should be married to [[Offa of Mercia|Offa's]] daughter [[Ælfflæd of Mercia|Ælfflæd]]. Offa insisted that the marriage could only go ahead if Charlemagne's daughter Bertha was married to Offa's son [[Ecgfrith of Mercia|Ecgfrith]]. Charlemagne took offence, broke off contact, and closed his ports to English traders.<ref name="fmg">{{cite web | url=http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAROLINGIANS.htm#_Toc144009954 | title=Foundation for Medieval Genealogy | accessdate=2007-06-21}}</ref> Eventually, normal relations were reestablished and the ports were reopened. Just a few years later, in 796, Charlemagne and Offa concluded the first commercial treaty known in English history.
 
His father associated Charles in the government of Francia and [[Saxony]] in 790, and installed him as ruler of the ''ducatus Cenomannicus'' (corresponding to the later [[Duke of Maine|Duchy of Maine]]).<ref name="fmg" /><ref>{{cite web | url=http://home.eckerd.edu/~oberhot/feud-maine.htm | title=Counts of Maine | accessdate=2006-11-04}}</ref> Charles was crowned [[King of the Franks]] at Rome December 25, 800, the same day his father was crowned Emperor.<ref name="fmg" />
 
He killed [[Sorbs|Sorbian]] duke [[Miliduch]] and Slavic [[Knez]], [[Nussito]] (''[[Nessyta]]'') near modern-day [[Weißenfels]] in a [[Franks|Frankish]] campaign in [[806]].<ref>{{cite book |title=Rex germanorum, populos sclavorum:
|last=Vukcevich |first=Ivo |year=2001 |publisher=University City Press |location= |language=English, Latin |page=366|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=EttoAAAAMAAJ}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |title=Russland in historischer, statistischer, geographischer und und literarischer Beziehung |last=Bulgarin |first=Thaddäus |year=1839 |publisher=Eduard Franken |location=Leipzig |language=German |page=330|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=ahg3AAAAYAAJ}}</ref>
 
On 4 December 811, in [[Bavaria]], Charles had a stroke and died. He left no children.<ref name="fmg" />
 
==Ancestry==
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|1= 1. ''' Carlos el ''Joven'''''
|2= 2. [[Carlomagno]]
|3= 3. [[Hildegard of Vinzgouw]]
 
|4= 4. [[Pepin the Short]]
|5= 5. [[Bertrada of Laon]]
|6= 6. [[Gerold of Vinzgouw]]
|7= 7. Emma of Alamannia
 
|8= 8. [[Charles Martel]]
|9= 9. [[Rotrude of Trier]]
|10= 10. [[Caribert of Laon]]
|14= 14. [[Hnabi|Hnabi of Alamannia]]
 
 
|16= 16. [[Pepin of Herstal]]
|17= 17. [[Alpaida]]
 
|21= 21. [[Bertrada of Prüm]]
 
|22=
|23=
 
 
|26=
|27=
 
|28= 28. Huoching
|29=
 
|30=
|31=
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==References==
<references />
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jast/D0024/G0000423.html#I11855]
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jamesdow/s004/f120087.htm]
*[http://www.stirnet.com/main/index.php?option=com_wrapper&Itemid=79&startUrl=http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/ancient/fh/franks3.htm]
*[http://worldroots.com/ged/pomer/dat118.html]
*[http://martinrealm.org/genealogy/burgh.htm]
{{Familypedia|Charles_the_Younger_(c772-811)}}
 
{{s-start}}
{{s-hou|[[Carolingian|Carolingian dynasty]]|c.772||4 December|811|name=Charles the Younger, King of the Franks}}
{{s-reg|}}
{{s-bef|before=[[Charlemagne]] as sole king}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[List of Frankish Kings|King of the Franks]]|years=800 &ndash; 811|regent1=[[Charlemagne]]|years1=800 – 811}}
{{s-aft|rows=|after=[[Charlemagne]] as sole King}}
{{end}}
{{Familypedia|Charles the Younger (c772-811)}}
 
 
[[Category:Franks]]
[[Category:Carolingian dynasty]]
[[Category:Frankish people]]
[[Category:770s births]]
[[Category:811 deaths]]
[[Category:9th-century rulers in Europe]]
 
 
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[[bg:Карл Млади]]