Diferencia entre revisiones de «Mini calabazas y zapallos decorativos»

(Página creada con «La siguiente es una presentación de las '''mini calabazas y zapallos decorativos'''. Se puede ver como una subsección extraída de fotos que quedaron dispersas en el art...»)
 
Archivo:Squash Decor.jpg|Diferentes cultivares de ''[[Cucurbita pepo]]'' de tipo decorativo, utilizados como adornos de otoño. Numerosos cultivares de fruto pequeño y vistoso y cáscara dura que poseen un público adepto en Estados Unidos, que se agrupan en ''''''Cucurbita pepo'' Ornamental Gourd Group''' y filogenéticamente se extraen de varias variedades diferentes dentro de esa especie. Algunos cultivares ornamentales como 'Flat' ("aplanado"), 'Miniature Ball' ("pelota en miniatura") y 'Pear' ("pera") difieren poco de las variedades silvestres y las naturalizadas{{refn|group=cita|name=some ornamental paris 1989|Paris (1989<ref name="Paris 1989" />): "Some of the ornamental gourd cultivars, such as 'Flat', 'Miniature Ball', and 'Pear', differ little from wild and feral ''C. pepo'' in their phenotypic characteristics, including small fruit size and striped fruit color pattern." }}. Nombres botánicos antiguos: ''Cucurbita pepo'' var. ''ovifera'' y ''Cucurbita pepo'' var. ''aurantia'' y ''Cucurbita pepo'' var. ''verrucosa'', ''Cucurbita pepo'' convar. ''microcarpina''. En los arreglos se los suele entremezclar con los comestibles "mini pumpkin".
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==Cultivares==
 
Sobre todo en ''Cucurbita pepo'' se han desarrollado cultivares de mini calabazas y zapallos decorativos.
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
! "Nombre comercial de semilla" de ''C. pepo''
! Cultivares
|-
| ''C. pepo'' decorativos pequeños, no comestibles
| align="right" |'Apple' ('Early Apple', 'Apple Squash')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=apple cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Apple (Early Apple, Apple Squash) - Vendor: Hovey. Characteristics: fruit obtusely conical to spherical, less than 3" diameter, rind pale yellow to white. 1847."}}, 'Autumn Wings' (='Swan')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Autumn Wings (Swan) cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Autumn Wings (Swan) - Vendor: Rupp Seeds. Characteristics: dipper shaped fruit with bowl measuring 2 1/2 - 3" in diameter and a narrow neck up to 8" long; rind multicolored, warted, and "winged" (ridged); 100 day maturity. 2000."}}<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Baby Boo'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Baby Pam'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Bell' ('Bishop's Mitre of 1866')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Bell bishcucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Bell (Bishop's Mitre of 1866) - Characteristics: fruit bell shaped, 3.5" long x 3.5" diameter at widest point near blossom end, obscurely ridged, rind yellow flecked with green patches. Bailey's The Garden of Gourds, 1937."}}, 'Bicolor Pear' ('Pear, Bicolor', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Ringed Pear')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=pearbic cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Pear, Bicolor (Ringed Pear) - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: like Striped Pear but the stem end half is striped in shades of yellow and the blossom end in greens; Ringed Pear is a variant where the green portion forms only a rind instead of covering half the fruit. Similar: Striped Pear. 1885."}}<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Big Bell' (='Bell, Big')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Bell, Big cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Bell, Big - Characteristics: fruit shaped similar to Bell but larger, 4-6" long, surface smooth or somewhat warty, rind cream colored or green. Bailey, 1937."}}, 'Brazilian Sugar' ('Brazilian', 'Brazilian Sugar Gourd')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Brazilian Sugar (Brazilian, Brazilian Sugar Gourd) cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Brazilian Sugar (Brazilian, Brazilian Sugar Gourd) - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: fruit oval, 5-6" long x 4-5" diameter, obscurely ribbed, warty, rind orange, flesh yellow. 1885."}}, 'Crown of Thorns' (='Finger', ='Holy Gourd', ='Sugar Bowl')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Crown of Thorns (Finger, Holy Gourd, Sugar Bowl) cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Crown of Thorns (Finger, Holy Gourd, Sugar Bowl) - Characteristics: fruit spherical to oblong, about 5" diameter, with five pairs of finger-shaped protuberances extending from the ridges at the stem end freely out towards the blossom end, surface typically smooth but sometimes warty, rind white to yellow. Bailey, 1937."}}, 'Der Wing'<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Der Wing cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Der Wing - Vendor: Burpee. Characteristics: fruit oval, 5-6" long x 2.5-3" diameter, warty, rind white, flesh light yellow with greenish tinge; supposedly selected from Chinese germplasm. 1892."}}, 'Egg' (=<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Nest Egg', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'White Egg', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Goose Egg')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=egg cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Egg (Nest Egg, White Egg, Goose Egg) - Characteristics: fruit obovate, 2.5-3" long x 1.7-2.5" diameter at widest point near blossom end, rind typically all white but cultivars with green stripes may also be sold under this name. Burr's Field and Garden Vegetables of America, 1865."}}<font color=purple>*</font><ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /><font color=Khaki>*</font>,<ref name="Munro y Small 1997" /> 'Flat'{{refn|group=cita|name=some ornamental paris 1989|Paris (1989<ref name="Paris 1989" />): "Some of the ornamental gourd cultivars, such as 'Flat', 'Miniature Ball', and 'Pear', differ little from wild and feral ''C. pepo'' in their phenotypic characteristics, including small fruit size and striped fruit color pattern." }}<font color="ADFF2F">*</font>,<ref name="Unique" /> 'Flat Striped' (=<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Broad Striped', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'White-striped Flat Fancy Gourd', orthographic error: 'Flat Stripped'<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" />)<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=flatstr cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Flat Striped (Broad Striped, White-striped Flat Fancy Gourd) - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: fruit short cylindrical, 1.5-2.5"long x 3-4" diameter, flattened to concave at ends, somewhat angular around circumference, rind dark green with lighter colored stripes or marbling, flesh bitter. 1885."}}<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Galeuses'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Gremlin'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Jack B Little'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Ladle' ('Scoop')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=ladle cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Ladle (Scoop) - Characteristics: fruit elongated pear shaped, 6-8" long, often warty, rind often bicolored as in Bicolor Pear. Bailey, 1937."}}, 'Li’l Pum-KeMon'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Little Boo'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Miniature' (=ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Miniature Ball')<ref group=cita name="some ornamental paris 1989" /><font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=miniature cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Miniature (Miniature Ball) - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: fruit oblate to nearly spherical, 1.5" long x 1.5-2" diameter, rind dark green variegated with pale green stripes. 1885."}}<font color=purple>*</font><ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /><font color="ADFF2F">*</font>,<ref name="Unique" /> 'Munchkin'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Orange' (=<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Orange Ball', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Mock Orange')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=orangeb cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Orange (Orange Ball, Mock Orange) - Characteristics: fruit spherical to oblong, 3-4" diameter to 5" long, surface smooth, rind orange. Burr, 1865."}}<font color=purple>*</font><ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /><font color="ADFF2F">*</font>,<ref name="Unique" /> 'Orange Small'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Pam'*<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Pear'<ref group=cita name="some ornamental paris 1989" /><font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Pineapple' (=<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Early Pineapple', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'White Pineapple', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'White Turban')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=pinneaple cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Pineapple (Early Pineapple, White Pineapple, White Turban) - Vendor: Burpee. Characteristics: fruit 8" long x 8" diameter, spindle shaped with 5 pairs of prominent projections around the median, some inclined outwards and others towards the apex or base, rind white; supposedly selected from Chilean germplasm. 1884."}}, 'Shenot Crown of Thorns' (='Crown of Thorns, Shenot')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Crown of Thorns, Shenot cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Crown of Thorns, Shenot - Breeder: Agway. Vendor: Hollar. Parentage: selected from variant grown at Shenot Farms. Characteristics: similar to Crown of Thorns but rind is brightly multicolored; 90-100 day maturity. 1982."}}, 'Spoon'<font color=purple>*</font><ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /><font color=Khaki>*</font>,<ref name="Munro y Small 1997" /> 'Spoon' (=<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Bicolor Spoon', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Small Spoon')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=spoon cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Spoon (Bicolor Spoon, Small Spoon) - Characteristics: similar to Bicolor Pear except that the stem-end neck is elongated and may be curved. Similar: Bicolor Pear. Bailey, 1937."}}='Spoon Bicolor'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Striped Crown of Thorns' (='Crown of Thorns, Striped')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Crown of Thorns, Striped cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Crown of Thorns, Striped - Vendor: Stokes. Characteristics: similar to Crown of Thorns but rind has green and white stripes. Similar: Crown of Thorns. 1985."}}<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Striped Pear' ('Pear, Striped')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=pearst cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Pear, Striped - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: like White Pear but rind is dark green with lighter colored stripes. Similar: White Pear. 1885"}}<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Warty' (=<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Orange Warted', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Warty Hardhead', =<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />'Warty Fancy Gourd')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Warty cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Warty (Orange Warted, Warty Hardhead, Warty Fancy Gourd) - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Fruit oblate to spherical to short oblong, 3-4" diameter, covered with numerous round protuberances or warts, rind orange, green, or rarely white, sometimes striped. 1885."}}<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'Wee-BLittle op'<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'White Ball'<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Ball, White cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Ball, White - Vendor: Stokes. Characteristics: similar to Yellow Ball but with white rind. Similar: Yellow Ball. 1995."}}<font color=purple>*</font>,<ref name="Ferriol y Picó 2008" /> 'White Pear' ('Pear, White')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=pearw cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Pear, White - Vendor: Vilmorin. Characteristics: fruit pear shaped, 3-5" long, surface smooth, rind white. 1885."}}, 'Yellow Ball' (='Ball, Yellow')<font color=Red>*</font>{{refn|group=cita|name=Ball, Yellow cucurbitagourdDW1996|Decker-Walters (1996<ref name="Decker-Walters 1996 Cucurbita" />): "Ball, Yellow - Vendor: Stokes. Characteristics: rind dull yellow. Similar: Apple. 1982."}}
|-
|}
 
 
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