Diferencia entre revisiones de «Planta epífita»

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== Referencias ==
== Bibliografía ==
* Alwyn H. Gentry, C. H. Dodson: Diversity and Biogeography of Neotropical Vascular Epiphytes. In: Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 74, Nr. 2, 1987, S. 205–233
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* Armbruster, P., R. A. Hutchson, and P. Coatgrave. Factors influencing community structure in a South American tank bromeliad fauna. Oikos 96:2002. 225–234.
* Andre, H. 1986. Notes on the ecology of corticolous epiphyte dwellers. 4. ''Actinedida'' (especially Tydeidae) and ''Gamasida'' (especially Phytoselidae). Acarologia 27:107-115.
* Armstrong, R. A. 1989. Dispersal, establishment and survival of soredia and fragments of the lichen ''Hypogymnia physodes'' (L.) Nyl. Botanical Gazette 239-245.
* Ball, G. E. & D. Shpeley. Carabidae (Coleoptera). Llorente-Bousquets, J., E. González-Soriano, and N. Papavero, editors. Biodiversidad, Taxonomía y Biogeografía de Artrópodos de México. Hacia una Síntesis de su conocimiento vol. II:2000. 363–399.Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Mexico City, Mexico.
* Benzing, D. H. An investigation of two bromeliad myrmecophytes: ''Tillandsia butzii'' Mez, ''T. caput-medusae'' E. Morren, and their ants. Bull. Torrey Botanical Club 97:1970. 109–115. CrossRef
* Benzing, D. H. Vascular epiphytes: a survey with special reference to their interactions with other organisms. Sutton, S. L., T. C. Whitmore, and A. C. Chadwick, editors. Tropical rain forest: ecology and management 1984. 11–24.Blackwell Scient. Pub.. Oxford, UK.
* Benzing, D. H. Foliar specializations for animal assisted nutrition in Bromeliaceae. Juniper, B. E. and T. R. E. Southwood, editors. Insects and the plant surface 1986. 235–256.Edward Arnold. London, UK.
* Benzing, D. H. Vascular epiphytes. General biology and related biota 1990. Cambridge University Press. New York.
* Benzing, D. H. Bromeliaceae: profile of an adaptive radiation 2000. Cambridge University Press. New York.
* Berryman, S. D. & B. McCune. 2001b. Estimating epiphytic macrolichen biomass based on lichen community data in the Central Cascade forest of western Oregon, manuscript.
* Beutelspacher, C. R. Fauna de ''Tillandsia caput-medusae'' E. Morren, 1880 (Bromeliaceae). An. Inst. Biol. Univ. Nal. Autón. México Ser. Zool. 1:1972. 25–30.
* Beutelspacher, C. R. Bromeliáceas como ecosistemas. Con especial referencia a Achmea bracteata (Swartz) Griseb. Edit 1999. Plaza y Valdés. Mexico City, México.
* Boucher, V. L. and D. F. Stone. 1992. Epiphytic lichen biomass. Pages 583-599 in G. C. Carroll and D. T. Wicklow (eds.), The Fungal Community. Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. Marcel Decker, New York.
* Brown, M.J., Jarman, S.J., and Kantvilas, G. 1994. Conservation and reservation of non-vascular plants in Tasmania, with special reference to lichens, Biodiversity and Conservation 3:263-278.
* Campbell, J., S. K. Stevenson, & D. S. Coxson. 1999. Estimating epiphyte abundance in high-elevation forests of northern British Columbia. Selbeyana 20:261-267.
* Castaño-Meneses, R. G. Estructura de la comunidad de artrópodos epífitos y su papel en el crecimiento de ''Tillandsia violacea'' (Bromeliaceae) en un bosque templado de Hidalgo, México. Tesis doctoral 2002. Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM. Mexico City, Mexico.
* Castillo-Campos, G. Vegetación y flora del Municipio de Xalapa, Veracruz 1991. MAB-Unesco, Instituto de Ecología, A.C. y H. Ayuntamiento de Xalapa. Veracruz, Mexico.
* Clement, J. P. & D. C. Shaw. 1999. Crown structure and the distribution of epiphyte functional group biomass in old-growth ''Pseudotsuga menziesii'' trees. Ecoscience 6:243-254.
* Clement, J., M. Moffett, D. Shaw, A. Lara, D. Alarcón & O. Larraín. 2001. Crown structure and biodiversity in ''Fitzroya cupressoides'', the giant conifers of Alerce Andino National Park, Chile. Selbyana 22(1): 76-88.
* Cowling, R. M. and M. J. Samways. Predicting global patterns of endemic plant species richness. Biodiv. Lett. 2:1994. 127–131. CrossRef, CSA
* Darlington Jr, P. J. Carabidae on tropical islands, especially the West Indies. Biotropica 2:1970. 7–15. CrossRef
* Davidson, D. W., R. R. Snelling, and J. T. Longino. Competition among ants for myrmecophytes and the significance of plant trichomes. Biotropica 21:1989. 64–73. CrossRef, CSA
* Delamare-Debouteville, C. Étude quantitative du peuplemente animal des sols suspendu et des ephyphytes en forêt tropicale. Compt. Rend. de l′Acad. du Sci. 226:1948. 1544–1546.
* Denison, W. C. 1979. Lobaria oregana, a nitrogen-fixing lichen in old-growth Douglas fir forests. Pp. 266-275 in Gordon, J. C., C. T. Wheeler, and D. A. Perry (eds.), Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in the management of Temperate Forests-- Proceedings of a workshop.
* Dettki, H. and P.-A. Esseen. 1998. Epiphytic macrolichens in managed and natural forest landscapes: a comparison at two spatial scales. Ecography 21:613-624.
* Edwards, R. Y., J. Soos, and R. W. Ritchey. 1960. Quantitative observations on epidendric lichens used as food by caribou. Ecology 41:425-431.
* E. Montes De Oca12, G. E. Ball2, J. R. Spence3, Diversity of Carabidae (Insecta, Coleoptera) in Epiphytic Bromeliaceae in Central Veracruz, Mexico. Department Biodiversidad y Ecología Animal, Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Km 2.5 Carretera Antigua, a Coatepec no. 351 Congregación El Haya, C.P. 91070 Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.
* Esseen, P.-A. 1985. Litter fall of epiphytic macrolichens in two old Picea abies forests in Sweden. Canadian Journal of Botany 63:980-987.
* Floren, A. and K. E. Linsenmair. Non-equilibrium communities of Coleoptera in trees in a lowland rain forest of Borneo. Biotropica 4:1998. 55–67.
* Fritz, O. & K. Larsson. 1997. Betydelsen av skoglig kontinuitet for rodlistade lavar. En studie av hallandsk bokskog. Svensk Botanisk Tidskr. 90:241-262. (The significance of long forest continuity to red-listed lichens. A study of beech forest in the province of Halland, SW Sweden.)
* García-Franco, J. G. and C. M. Peters. Patrón espacial y abundancia de Tillandsia spp. a través de un gradiente altitudinal en los Altos de Chiapas, México. Brenesia 27:1987. 35–45.
* Gauslaa, Y. & K. A. Solhaug. 2001. Fungal melanins as a sun screen for symbiotic green algae in the lichen Lobaria pulmonaria. Oecologia 126:462-471.
* Geiser, L.H., Derr, C.C., and Dillman, K.L. 1994. Air quality monitoring on the Tongass National Forest. Methods and baselines using lichens, United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Alaska Region, Report R10-TB-46, USA
* Gentry, A. H. and C. H. Dodson. Diversity and biogeography of neotropical vascular epiphytes. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 74:1987. 205–233. CrossRef
* Gering, J. C. and T. O. Crist. Patterns of beetle (Coleoptera) diversity in crowns of representative tree species in an old-growth temperate deciduous forest. Selbyana 21:2000. 38–47.
* Giddings, L. and Y. K. Mehltreter. Base de datos del clima de México. Extraídos de ERIC (2000) 2003. Instituto de Ecología. Xalapa, Mexico.
* Gilmartin, A. J. Ecuador. Bromeliad country. Broml. Soc. Bull. 14:1964. 4–7.
* Gómez, C. M. Atlas climático del Municipio de Xico (Estado de Veracruz) 1991. Instituto de Ecología. Xalapa, Mexico.
* Greeney, H. F. The insect of plant-held waters: a review and bibliography. J. Trop. Ecol. 17:2001. 241–260. CrossRef, CSA
* Hietz, P. and U. Hietz-Seifert. Epífitas de Veracruz. Guía ilustrada para las Regiones de Xalapa y SpaceqqLos Tuxtlas, Veracruz/Epiphytes of Veracruz. An illustrated guide for the regions of Xalapa and Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz 1994. Instituto de Ecología. Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.
* Hietz, P. and U. Hietz-Seifert. Structure and ecology of epiphyte communities of a cloud forest in central Veracruz, Mexico. Vegetat. Sci. 6:1995. 719–728. CrossRef
* Lucky, A., T. L. Erwin, and J. D. Witman. Temporal and spatial diversity and distribution of arboreal Carabidae (Coleoptera) in a western Amazonian Rain Forest. Biotropica 34:2002. 376–386. Bioone, CSA
* Magurran, A. Ecological diversity and measurement 1988. Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ.
* Marticorena, A., D. Alarcón, L. Abello & C. Atala. 2010. Plantas trepadoras, epífitas y parásitas nativas de Chile. Guía de campo. Ed. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile, 291 p.
* McCune, B., R. Rosentreter, J. M. Ponzetti, and D. C. Shaw. 2000. Epiphyte habitats in an old conifer forest in western Washington, USA. Bryologist 103:417-427.
* Murillo, R. M., J. G. Palacios, J. M. Labouglr, E. M. Hentschel, J. E. Llorente, K. Luna, P. Rojas, and S. Zamudio. Variación estacional de la entomofauna asociada a Tillandsia spp. en una zona de transición biótica. Southwest. Entomol. 8:1983. 292–302. CSA
* Nadkarni, N. M. and J. T. Longino. Invertebrates in canopy and ground organic matter in a Neotropical Montane Forest, Costa Rica. Biotropica 22:1990. 286–289. CrossRef, CSA
* Olmsted, I. C., A. Dejean, and R. R. Snelling. Tree epiphyte-ant relationships of the low inundated forest in Sian Ka′an Biosphere Reserve, Quintana Roo, México. Biotropica 27:1995. 57–70. CrossRef, CSA
* Palacios-Vargas, J. G. Collembola asociados a Tillandsia en el Derrame lávico del Chichinautzin, Morelos, México. Southwest. Entomol. 6:1981. 87–98. CSA
* Palacios-Vargas, J. G. and G. Castaño-Meneses. Collembola associated with Tillandsia violacea (Bromeliaceae) in mexican Quercus-Abies forests. Pedobiologica 46:2001. 395–403. CSA
* Paoletti, M. G., R. A. J. Taylor, B. R. Stinner, D. H. Stinner, and D. H. Benzing. Diversity of soil fauna in the canopy and forest floor of a Venezuelan cloud forest. J. Trop. Ecol. 7:1991. 373–383. CSA
* Picado, C. Les Bromeliacées epiphytes, considerés comme milieu biologique. Bul. Scient. Fr. Belg. 46:1913. 215–360.
* Richardson, B. A. The bromeliad microcosm and the assessment of faunal diversity in a neotropical forest. Biotropica 31:1999. 321–336. CrossRef
* Rickson, F. R. Absorption of animal tissue breakdown products into a plant stem. The feeding of a plant by ants. Am. J. Bot. 66:1979. 87–90. CrossRef
* Rico-Gray, V., J. T. Barber, L. B. Thien, E. G. Ellgaard, and J. J. Toney. An unusual animal-plant interaction: feeding of Schomburgkia tibicinis (Orchidaceae) by ants. Am. J. Bot. 76:1989. 603–608. CrossRef, CSA
* Schimper, A.F.W. (1888): Die epiphytische Vegetation Amerikas. Fischer, Jena. Digitalisat. Project Gutenberg eText
* Stuntz, S. The influence of epiphytes on arthropods in the tropical forest canopy. PhD dissertation 2001. Bayerischen Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg. München, Germany.
* Stuntz, S., U. Simon, and G. Zotz. Assessing the potential influence of vascular epiphytes on arthropod diversity in tropical tree crowns: hypotheses, approaches and preliminary data. Selbyana 20:1999. 276–283.
* Stuntz, S., Ch Ziegler, U. Simon, and G. Zotz. Diversity and structure of the arthropod fauna within three canopy epiphyte species in central Panama. J. Trop. Ecol. 18:2002. 161–176. CrossRef, CSA
* Treseder, K. K., D. W. Davidson, and J. R. Ehleringer. Absorption of ant-provided carbon dioxide and nitrogen by a tropical epiphyte. Nature 275:1995. 137–139. CrossRef
* Williams, D. D. and B. W. Feltmate. Aquatic insects 1992. CAB International, University Arizona Press. Wallingford (UK)/Tucson, AZ.
== Enlaces externos ==
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