Diferencia entre revisiones de «Gran Muftí de Jerusalén»

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|publisher=[[The Nation]]
|date=6 de diciembre de 2001-12-06
|accessdate=2007-09-13 de septiembre de 2007}}</ref> El cargo fue creado por el gobierno militar británico de [[Ronald Storrs]] en 1918.<ref name="Jabārah1985">The terminology was used as early as 1918. For example: {{cite book|author=Taysīr Jabārah|title=Palestinian Leader Hajj Amin Al-Husayni: Mufti of Jerusalem|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=h7BtAAAAMAAJ|year=1985|publisher=Kingston Press|isbn=978-0-940670-10-5}} states that Storrs wrote on November 19, 1918 "the Muslim element requested the Grand Mufti to have the name of the Sharif of Mecca mentioned in the Friday prayers as Caliph"</ref> Desde 2006 el gran muftí es [[Muhammad Hussein]].
== Historia ==
=== Mandato Británico y ocupación jordana ===
Durante el [[Mandato Británico de Palestina]], el Gran Mufti de Jerusalén fue creado por sus autoridades para «mejorar el estatus del cargo».<ref>{{cite book|title=The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition: Supplement|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=95Q3AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA68|date=1 Januaryde enero de 1980|publisher=Brill Archive|isbn=90-04-06167-3|page=68}}</ref>
Cuando [[Kamil al-Husayni]] murió en 1921, el Alto Comisionado británico [[Herbert Samuel]] nombró a [[Amin al-Husayni]] en el cargo. Miembro del clan al-Husayni de Jerusalén, él era un líder nacionalista. Como Gran Muftí y líder en el Comité Superior Árabe, especialmente durante la [[segunda guerra mundial]] desempeñó un papel clave en la oposición al [[sionismo]] y se alió con el régimen [[Nazismo|nazi]].<ref>[[Ilan Pappe|Pappe, Ilan]] (2002) 'The Rise and Fall of a Palestinian Dynasty. The Husaynis 1700-1948.'' AL Saqi edition 2010. ISBN 978-0-86356-460-4. pp.309,321</ref><ref>[[Aharon Cohen|Cohen, Aharon]] (1970) ''Israel and the Arab World''. W.H. Allen. ISBN 0-491-00003-0. p.312</ref> En 1948, después de que [[Jordania]] ocupó Jerusalén, [[Abd Allah ibn Husayn|Abdullah I de Jordania]] removió oficialmente a al-Husayni del cargo, le prohibió ingresar a Jerusalén, y nombró a [[Hussam Al-din Jarallah]] como Gran Muftí. Luego de la muerte de Jarallah en 1952, el [[Waqf]] jordano nombró a [[Saad al-Alami]] como su reemplazo.<ref>[http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-saad-al-alami-1472156.html Obituary: Saad al-Alami]</ref>
* [[Kamil al-Husayni]] (1920-1921)
* [[Amin al-Husayni|Mohammad Amin al-Husayni]] (1921-1948, exiliado en 1937 pero no renunció al cargo)<ref>[http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1943/dec/01/mufti-and-president-of-supreme-moslem An answer in the Commons to a question on notice, given by the Secretary of State for the Colonies]:<br>'''Mr. Hammersley''' asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies why no appointment has yet been made to fill the posts of Mufti of Jerusalem and President of the Moslem Supreme Council?<br>'''Colonel Stanley'''. An important distinction must be drawn between the two offices referred to by my hon. Friend. The post of Mufti of Jerusalem is a purely religious office with no powers or administrative functions, and was held by Haj Amin before he was given the secular appointment of President of the Supreme Moslem Council. In 1937 Haj Amin was deprived of his secular appointment and administrative functions, but '''no action was taken regarding the religious office of Mufti''', as no legal machinery in fact exists for the formal deposition of the holder, nor is there any known precedent for such deposition. Haj Amin is thus '''technically still Mufti of Jerusalem''', but the fact that there is no intention of allowing Haj Amin, who has openly joined the enemy, to return to Palestine in any circumstances clearly reduces the importance of the technical point.</ref><ref>Zvi Elpeleg's "The Grand Mufti", page 48: "officially he now retained only the title of Mufti (following the Ottoman practice, this had been granted for life)"</ref>
* [[Saad al-Alami]] (1954-1993)<ref>{{Cite news|title = Saad al-Alami Dead; Jerusalem Cleric, 82|url = http://www.nytimes.com/1993/02/07/obituaries/saad-al-alami-dead-jerusalem-cleric-82.html|newspaper = The New York Times|date = 7 de febrero de 1993-02-07|access-date = 2015-10-22|issn = 0362-4331}}</ref>
* [[Sulaiman Ja'abari]] (1993-1994)
* [[Ekrima Sa'id Sabri]] (octubre de 1994-julio de 2006)
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